This letter is addressed to Stanford Professor of Public Economics Raj Chetty.
Dear Prof. Chetty,
According to the US Dept. of Transportation’s “Smart City Challenge” notice of funding opportunity, Section 6. of our Vision Narrative needs to “identify and rate key technical, policy, and institutional risks associated with the deployment vision and discuss plans for mitigating those risks.”
Oakland and other mid-size American cities need to have a better understanding of the liability and financial risks associated SCIoT. At the very least, we need to be able to respond to concerns like the ones raised in a recent SFChronicle article entitled, “Self-driving cars to drain millions from city, state coffers”.
Beyond this, there is a good chance that Oakland’s proposal will include elements that force the issue of who owns the data being generated by SCIoT. And along with that question of ownership comes the issue of rights and responsibilities.
The notice of funding asks cities to address the risks. However, we can’t afford to ignore the tremendous value that stands to be generated from the SCIoT revolution. This matter is addressed in the notice under “Vision Element #6”:
“Urban analytics create value from the data that is collected from connected vehicles, connected citizens, and sensors throughout a city or available from the Internet using information generated by private companies. Analytics that utilize data from across various systems in a city have tremendous potential to identify new insights and unique solutions for delivering services, thereby improving outcomes.”
What kind of “value” are we talking about?
In an interview that Boston University Prof. Marshall Van Alstyne did about eighteen months ago on the subject of “platform economics,” he was asked: “What are some of the next areas for platforms?” Existing platforms include some of the most successful companies in the world includingGoogle, Apple, and Uber. In response, Marshall said: “It’s where you see connectivity is coming in. Cities, health care, education, electricity grids.”
With these thoughts in mind, I believe we need a better understanding of how existing local, state and federal policies are shaping this “connectivity” and the ways that this will generate value and how that value will be tapped and extracted. I am concerned that existing policies (like Prop. 26) put California cities in an unreasonably weak position.
Any light you can shed on this matter would be greatly appreciated. Are my concerns justified? What should cities like Oakland know and understand and what can they start to do now in order to support the development of cities-as-platforms that benefit everyone and not only a small number of private corporations? What does the latest science in Public Economics have to say about the potential winners and losers in a world of cities-as-platforms?
Thank you so much for your time and consideration.
– The Future of Smart